Business finance is a broad term encompassing things regarding investments, production, and the management of financial resources. While the definition is fairly broad, it can be broken down into several smaller sections to help determine the areas of expertise needed by different types of businesses. For instance, there are credit aspects to business finance, cash management, business assurance, business valuation, and the provision of funding. All of these require different skills and knowledge sets, which is why it’s important for you to master them all if you want to succeed.
Business finance involves many different types of transactions that require careful record keeping, regular reports, and accurate analysis by the financial officer. This includes making, providing, collecting, and disbursing payments and advances, as well as exercising control over capital assets. Proper business finance also requires the efficient use of credit (whether corporate or individual), and the use of assets (whether tangible or financial). It also encompasses the borrowing of funds and the management of debt.
While this seems like a pretty broad description of the various sections of business finance, it really depends on what it is that you are attempting to accomplish. For example, in order to obtain financing for a new venture you may need to look at both commercial finance and investment finance, making sure that the goals of each are met. Likewise, in order to make good financial decisions you will need to have an understanding of the various areas of business finance, including cash management, buying, selling, growth, operations, financial analysis, taxes, and working capital management. Finally, in order to make sure that your business runs efficiently you’ll need to be familiar with all of the subtopics within business finance.