Although all causes of leukemia are not fully understood however, there are some dangers which have been linked to the development of different forms of leukemia. There are genetic as well as environmental aspects that have been found as a link to leukemia.
The type of leukemia that a sufferer usually is determined by the kind in which abnormal blood vessels produced by the body. Leukemia creates abnormal or immature white blood cells that are found in the bone marrow. In the early stages of development of the white blood cells blasts are the immature type that contains white blood cells. This is the phase between the stem cells in the bone marrow as well as the mature blood. Blasters (immature blood cells) can be found in very small quantities within the bone marrow in healthy people but not present in blood streams. Patients with leukemia might have a high number of blasts within the bone marrow, and may even be circulation throughout the circulation system.
Different types of leukemia are classified as either chronic or acute. Acute leukemia typically produces mature white blood cells which have stopped functioning. They multiply rapidly and can swell healthy cells. Chronic leukemia causes irregular blood cells which can’t function as effectively in the same way as regular blood cells. Leukemia that is chronically recurring is less invasive on the body than acute forms of leukemia.
Acute myelogenous lesions (AML) is the most common among adults. It causes rapid growth of mature white blood cells within the bone marrow, which crowd out normal cells. They then spread these cells that are not functioning throughout the body. This can affect the normal functioning of healthy blood cells. Chronic myelogenous Leukemia (CML) results in an increase uncontrolled growth of myeloid cells in bone marrow, and an increase in the number of white blood cells present in the blood. A severe anemia is the result of this excessive amount of white blood cells.
Acute lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) is the most frequent type among children who are younger than of 15. The rapid growth of malignant white blood cells can cause a tumult in healthy white blood cells. This kind of leukemia responds well treatment if diagnosed early enough. In chronic lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) an abnormal white blood cells are created in excess. This type of cell cannot fight infections and instead is able to block healthy cells. It is common for chronic lymphocytic leukemia to be is only found out through it is discovered through blood tests when the high number of white blood cells is observed.
Risk factors identified by researchers include radiation exposure at high levels as well as long-term exposure to chemical substances at work smoking cigarettes, as well as chemical exposures in the agricultural sector. Radiation exposures that are high, like around the failed nuclear power plant at Chernobyl or exposure to military radiation during nuclear explosions in the 1950’s have a clear connection to leukemia. Exposure to herbicides, benzene and pesticides have been found to be linked to leukemia that is acute.
Leukemia with chronic lymphocytic symptoms has been linked to agricultural chemicals, as has the exposure of Agent Orange. Smoking cigarettes may have an the most significant connection in acute leukemia. This could be because of the chemicals like benzene, the polonium-210, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Certain chemotherapy medications, specifically alkylating agents, when combined with radiation ionizing could cause leukemia. Certain illnesses caused by chromosome abnormalities may raise the risk of getting leukemia. Philadelphia Chromosome is a distinct abnormality of the chromosomes in which pieces of two chromosomes exchange locations. It can result in acute myelogenous leukemia.